Do you want to start tax preparation business plan?
Do you really want to start a business with a little or no tension of managing your employees with literally no startup investment and no restriction of working hours? Well, you might be wondering whether such sort of business exists.
If you really have some knowledge of accountancy or if you have done some tax-related course, then starting a tax prep business will surely meet all the requirements of your dream business. You can start this business only by preparing taxes yourself or by renting a small office, hiring some staff for you.
Whether you are starting on a small scale or a large scale to get high paying clients, the first step will always be to prepare an effective business plan. To help you in making an effective business plan covering all the details, we are providing here sample business plan of a tax preparation startup named, ‘ConsulTax.
2.1 The Business
ConsulTax will be a registered and licensed tax preparation service, owned by George Brad. The office building will be located in Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Business will be based upon preparing taxes such as federal and state tax, income tax, self-employment or any other tax for households as well as business owners.
Before you start a tax preparation business, you must decide on which scale are you going to extend your startup. If you are starting on a large scale, you will need a strong management system with a detailed management plan else you can go through with a simple one.
As of George, although he is starting on a small scale, yet he has prepared a complete management plan for his business for the sake of completeness.
When you are doing so many efforts to start a tax business successfully, then why ignore the important fact of exploring about your customers. You must remember you will be working with multiple customers of different temperaments at the same time, so try to understand the demands they can have with a tax preparer.
Our customers will mostly be the owners of small businesses, head of small institutes, property owners, earning members of a household etc.
2.4 Business Target
Our target is to balance the initial cost of the startup with earned profits within a year of the launch. We aim at earning a net profit margin of $10k per month by the end of the first year.
3.1 Company Owner
ConsulTax will be owned by George Brad, a business graduate from the University of Illinois. To be a professional tax preparer, George has taken the training from Accreditation Council for Accountancy and Taxation (ACAT), has got himself registered with Internal Revenue Service (IRS) after clearing their course, and finally obtained his Preparer Tax Identification Number to enter the field with a proper professional background.
3.2 Why the Business is being started
Millions of people have to pay a tax every year as the per policy of their country which is being changed by higher office holders continuously. Large companies and notable landlords usually afford a full-time accountant whereas, small business holders and mediocre seek the services of tax preparers to do all the confusing stuff for them. Considering this demand, freedom with respect to time and his marketing skills, George is starting a tax preparation business in his city.
3.3 How the Business will be started
ConsulTax will be a small tax preparation business, operating from a small office. George has decided to hire just two tax professionals, and other staff to help him starting a tax business.
The startup summary is as follows:
The detailed startup requirements are given below:
|Research and Development||$32,750|
|TOTAL START-UP EXPENSES||$187,300|
|Other Current Assets||$232,500|
|Start-up Expenses to Fund||$11,875|
|Start-up Assets to Fund||$15,000|
|TOTAL FUNDING REQUIRED||$0|
|Non-cash Assets from Start-up||$18,750|
|Cash Requirements from Start-up||$0|
|Additional Cash Raised||$18,750|
|Cash Balance on Starting Date||$21,875|
|Liabilities and Capital||$0|
|Accounts Payable (Outstanding Bills)||$0|
|Other Current Liabilities (interest-free)||$0|
|Additional Investment Requirement||$0|
|TOTAL PLANNED INVESTMENT||$695,000|
|Loss at Start-up (Start-up Expenses)||$313,125|
|TOTAL CAPITAL AND LIABILITIES||$251,875|
Services for customers
Before thinking about how to start a tax preparation business, you must decide what you will offer your customers. This preplanning and knowledge about what you have to do and what level of client’s satisfaction you will have to meet will make you more observant about your business and targets.
While creating your tax preparation business plan, you must include the detail about how you will be able to provide the optimal and efficient services to meet all the client’s satisfaction and needs. If you want to have an idea which services are provided by others in the market, you can take help from this sample business plan for the tax preparation startup, ConsulTax.
The services offered by ConsulTax are:
- Income Tax Preparation
- Income Tax Return Preparation
- Standard Tax Preparation
- Capital Gains Tax Preparation
- Other financial consulting and advisory services
The services will be increased after we have established ourselves as a successful business. We want to become the number one choice for our fellow citizens, that’s why we are preparing for our services before time to ensure and guarantee the quality of our services.
Marketing Analysis of Tax Preparation Business
After you have decided the services you will provide to your customers, the next step is to make marketing plan for tax preparation business. Marketing analysis is extremely important because it gives you an idea of your position in the market.
The marketing plan includes exploring what is going on in the market, who will be your customers and competitors. While preparing your tax services business plan, tax preparation marketing should be considered seriously, especially if you are working alone. You will need a strong marketing plan to market your services and get introduced to as many people as possible. Otherwise, you can sort out other advertisement techniques by reading tax preparation advertising samples available on the web. Another way of getting more and more ideas about business plan preparation service is to observe what others with the same or nearly same business are doing to market them.
We are also providing the sample business plan for tax preparation service of ConsulTax for your help.
5.1 Market Trends
There are several small businesses running in the United States which cannot afford a full-time tax consultant or accountant but need the assistance of a professional tax preparer almost every time they need to pay their taxes. Millions of people have to pay a tax every year as the per policy of their country which is being changed by higher office holders continuously. A person who is indulged in the day to day tasks always needs assistance with doing that tedious task, so the demand of this business is really high.
According to a report by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, there were more than 90 thousand jobs for the tax preparers in the country in 2014. The value has increased by a significant amount in 2018. According to IBISWorld, there are about 118,890 registered and licensed Tax Preparation firms running in the United States of America alone. More than 292 thousand have got their employment through this business, generating a revenue of $10 billion annually. Moreover, the business is forecasted to increase by the rate of 4.5% annually. These stats show that you will not be at loss, provided that you plan your business successfully.
5.2 Marketing Segmentation
It is very important to analyze the market segmentation of the future customers of your services before developing your business plan. Our experts have identified the following type of target audience which can become our future consumers:
The detailed marketing segmentation of our target audience is as follows:
5.2.1 Corporate Sector: The biggest consumer of our services will be the corporate sector in Madison, who needs a lot of documentation and following of policies while preparing for their different types of taxes. During the initial stages of our business, we will mainly focus on the small companies to get us introduced to big dealers with much experience.
5.2.2 Earning Members: Our second target group comprises of the workers servicing in Madison, we will do the work of tax preparations for them to save them from the trouble of doing things by themselves about which they know nothing.
5.2.3 Property Owners: Our third target group consists of small and large property owners in Madison. We will advertise our services to get work offers from property owners for tax preparation.
The detailed market analysis of our potential customers is given in the following table:
|Potential Customers||Growth||Year 1||Year 2||Year 3||Year 4||Year 5||CAGR|
Our target is to balance the startup cost of our business with the earned profits within a year of the launch and; to earn the profit margin of $10k per month by the end of the first year.
5.4 Product Pricing
At the very initial stage of your business, product pricing must be decided by analyzing both the market demands and the position of your competitors. After great research and interpretation, George has decided to keep the prices of his services initially low as to get introduced to a wider scale of customers and building long-lasting relations with them.
Sales strategy must be developed and properly written in your tax preparer business plan as it is the stepwise guide for you to enhance and extend your business to approach your business target. It consists of an effective advertisement plan and a competitive approach which you can better understand from this sample tax preparation business plan.
6.1 Competitive Analysis
There are a lot of tax preparation businesses running all around here. However, we are passionate that with our unparalleled and exceptionally good service, we will soon be able to make our place in the market. To get introduced to our customers and to interact with more and more people we have decided to keep our prices low at the initial stages of the startup.
6.2 Sales Strategy
To introduce ourselves to the target market, we have come up with the following ideas of advertisement,
- We will distribute our brochures to our neighboring facilities and expected customers
- We will put our ads in newspapers and magazines
- We will start our campaign through social media sites
- We will be giving a 20 % discount on the second offering by the same client
6.3 Sales Monthly
6.4 Sales Yearly
6.5 Sales Forecast
|Unit Sales||Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Income/ Standard Tax Preparation||1,887,030||2,680,320||2,588,240|
|Income Tax Return Preparation||802,370||815,430||823,540|
|Capital Gains Tax Preparation||539,320||770230||1,002,310|
|Consulting/ Advisory Services||265,450||322,390||393,320|
|TOTAL UNIT SALES||3,494,170||4,588,370||4,807,410|
|Unit Prices||Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Income/ Standard Tax Preparation||$140.00||$150.00||$160.00|
|Income Tax Return Preparation||$600.00||$800.00||$1,000.00|
|Capital Gains Tax Preparation||$700.00||$800.00||$900.00|
|Consulting/ Advisory Services||$650.00||$750.00||$850.00|
|Income/ Standard Tax Preparation||$2,149,800||$2,784,000||$3,383,200|
|Income Tax Return Preparation||$120,050||$194,500||$268,500|
|Capital Gains Tax Preparation||$50,110||$71,600||$93,000|
|Consulting/ Advisory Services||$139,350||$194,600||$249,850|
|Direct Unit Costs||Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Income/ Standard Tax Preparation||$0.70||$0.80||$0.90|
|Income Tax Return Preparation||$0.40||$0.45||$0.50|
|Capital Gains Tax Preparation||$0.30||$0.35||$0.40|
|Consulting/ Advisory Services||$3.00||$3.50||$4.00|
|Direct Cost of Sales|
|Income/ Standard Tax Preparation||$989,300||$1,839,000||$2,679,700|
|Income Tax Return Preparation||$66,600||$119,900||$173,200|
|Capital Gains Tax Preparation||$17,900||$35,000||$52,100|
|Consulting/ Advisory Services||$19,400||$67,600||$115,800|
|Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales||$1,294,100||$1,699,400||$2,104,700|
Here comes the most influencing and effective step from one of the steps to starting a tax business and that is your required staff.
George has developed the following personnel plan for his company.
7.1 Company Staff
George himself will handle the management tasks and will initially hire the following people:
- 1 Accountant to maintain records
- 2 Tax Preparers to help him in tax related services
- 1 Assistant to assist in day to day work
- 1 Front Desk Officer to receive calls, and attend customers
- 2 Drivers for quick transport when needed while preparing taxes
7.2 Average Salary of Employees
|Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Front Desk Officer||$42,000||$45,000||$48,000|
If you are going to start tax preparer business, you might be wondering that what do i need to start a tax preparation business? It is luckily the business with the lowest startup costs and can be run successfully by a small team. But it doesn’t matter whether you are starting your business on a large scale, hiring too many people, investing too much on the advertisement, or on a small scale, you will need to prepare a financial plan. A financial plan maps the company’s expenses with the earnings and answers the questions like how the startup costs will be balanced, how the company will be able to meet its financial targets.
If you too are wondering how to start a tax service business, just be systematic and organized to cover all the steps successful people usually take. First prepare your business plan, like the one of ConsulTax that we have shown you here. Focus on your advertising strategy as well as a detailed financial plan to help you through the startup phase.
Now, we are providing the financial plan of ConsulTax which was made by George himself, we are showing just a rough estimation but still, you can have a lot from it.
8.1 Important Assumptions
|Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Current Interest Rate||10.00%||11.00%||12.00%|
|Long-term Interest Rate||10.00%||10.00%||10.00%|
8.2 Brake-even Analysis
|Monthly Units Break-even||5530|
|Monthly Revenue Break-even||$159,740|
|Average Per-Unit Revenue||$260.87|
|Average Per-Unit Variable Cost||$0.89|
|Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost||$196,410|
8.3 Projected Profit and Loss
|Pro Forma Profit And Loss|
|Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Direct Cost of Sales||$15,100||$19,153||$23,206|
|TOTAL COST OF SALES||$15,100||$19,153||$23,206|
|Gross Margin %||94.98%||94.72%||94.46%|
|Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses||$1,850||$2,000||$2,150|
|Total Operating Expenses||$188,766||$220,744||$252,722|
|Profit Before Interest and Taxes||$105,205||$146,040||$186,875|
8.3.1 Profit Monthly
8.3.2 Profit Yearly
8.3.3 Gross Margin Monthly
8.3.4 Gross Margin Yearly
8.4 Projected Cash Flow
|Pro Forma Cash Flow|
|Cash Received||Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Cash from Operations|
|Cash from Receivables||$7,023||$8,610||$9,297|
|SUBTOTAL CASH FROM OPERATIONS||$47,143||$53,651||$59,359|
|Additional Cash Received|
|Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received||$0||$0||$0|
|New Current Borrowing||$0||$0||$0|
|New Other Liabilities (interest-free)||$0||$0||$0|
|New Long-term Liabilities||$0||$0||$0|
|Sales of Other Current Assets||$0||$0||$0|
|Sales of Long-term Assets||$0||$0||$0|
|New Investment Received||$0||$0||$0|
|SUBTOTAL CASH RECEIVED||$47,143||$53,651||$55,359|
|Expenditures||Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Expenditures from Operations|
|SUBTOTAL SPENT ON OPERATIONS||$35,296||$39,549||$43,582|
|Additional Cash Spent|
|Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out||$0||$0||$0|
|Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing||$0||$0||$0|
|Other Liabilities Principal Repayment||$0||$0||$0|
|Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment||$0||$0||$0|
|Purchase Other Current Assets||$0||$0||$0|
|Purchase Long-term Assets||$0||$0||$0|
|SUBTOTAL CASH SPENT||$35,296||$35,489||$43,882|
|Net Cash Flow||$11,551||$13,167||$15,683|
8.5 Projected Balance Sheet
|Pro Forma Balance Sheet|
|Assets||Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Other Current Assets||$1,000||$1,000||$1,000|
|TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS||$201,259||$237,468||$273,677|
|TOTAL LONG-TERM ASSETS||$980||$610||$240|
|Liabilities and Capital||Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Other Current Liabilities||$0||$0||$0|
|SUBTOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES||$9,482||$10,792||$12,102|
|TOTAL LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL||$198,839||$232,978||$267,117|
8.6 Business Ratios
|Year 1||Year 2||Year 3||Industry Profile|
|Percent of Total Assets||4.35%||4.71%||5.80%||9.80%|
|Other Current Assets||1.75%||2.02%||2.29%||27.40%|
|Total Current Assets||138.53%||150.99%||163.45%||54.60%|
|Percent of Sales|
|Selling, General & Administrative Expenses||74.29%||71.83%||69.37%||65.20%|
|Profit Before Interest and Taxes||26.47%||29.30%||32.13%||2.86%|
|Total Debt to Total Assets||2.68%||1.04%||0.76%||67.10%|
|Pre-tax Return on Net Worth||66.83%||71.26%||75.69%||4.40%|
|Pre-tax Return on Assets||64.88%||69.75%||74.62%||9.00%|
|Additional Ratios||Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Net Profit Margin||19.20%||21.16%||23.12%||N.A.|
|Return on Equity||47.79%||50.53%||53.27%||N.A.|
|Accounts Receivable Turnover||4.56||4.56||4.56||N.A.|
|Accounts Payable Turnover||14.17||14.67||15.17||N.A.|
|Total Asset Turnover||1.84||1.55||1.26||N.A.|
|Debt to Net Worth||0||-0.02||-0.04||N.A.|
|Current Liab. to Liab.||1||1||1||N.A.|
|Net Working Capital||$120,943||$140,664||$160,385||N.A.|
|Assets to Sales||0.45||0.48||0.51||N.A.|
|Current Debt/Total Assets||4%||3%||2%||N.A.|
Illustrative business plan samples
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