Table of Content

    Do you want to start Subways business?

    Do you want to start a Subway business? Subway is one of the most famous American privately held fast food restaurant franchises whose core product is the sub – submarine sandwich. In addition to that, Subway also sells salads, paninis, and baked items like doughnuts, muffins, etc.

    Subway is one of the biggest food chains in the world and opening a Subway franchise is undoubtedly an extremely profitable venture. In case, you don’t know how to start Subway business franchise, the first thing you must do is to create a detailed business plan covering all business requirements. Your business plan is the most important thing that can earn you a Subway franchise among other applicants. For writing an effective business plan, we are providing the business plan for a startup Subway franchise located in Hillsborough, California.

    Executive Summary

    2.1 The Business

    The Subway franchise, located in Hillsborough, California, will be bought and owned by Harry Jacob. Jacob is a well-known franchisee who has been in this business for the past 10 years. He is currently running three franchises of notable restaurants in California.

    2.2 Management

    Jacob has more than 10 years’ experience in operating franchises of famous food chains. For his new venture, he has made an incredible Subway business model  in which the main emphasis is made on the franchise’s management since it is the key deciding factor of the success of any startup. Jacob will hire a small team which will be trained for one month before onboarding.

    2.3 Customers

    Our target market will the residential community based in Hillsborough along with the non-residents – people who don’t live near us but have come to the area for any purpose.

    2.4 Target of the Company

    Our business targets are as follows:

    Subway Business Plan - 3 Years Profit Forecast

    Company Summary

    3.1 Company Owner

    Harry Jacob will be the owner of the new Subway franchise in Hillsborough, California. Jacob is a well-known franchisee who has been in this business for the past 10 years. He is currently running three franchises of notable restaurants in California.

    3.2 Why the Business is being started

    Jacob has been in the food franchising business for a decade and is now looking forward to expanding his business by adding another promising franchise to his ownership. Considering that Subway has performed really well in more than a hundred countries with its over 45,000 stores, Jacob is willing to invest what’s needed for availing the incredible Subway business opportunities.

    3.3 How the Business will be started

    For starting the franchise, a 2-storey restaurant building will be procured on lease in Hillsborough. After getting the business registered by the tax authorities, Jacob will purchase furniture, machines, material, and crockery. The costs for startup are as follows:

    Subway Business Plan - Startup Cost

    The startup requirements are as follows:

    Start-up Expenses  
    Legal $55,300
    Consultants $0
    Insurance $32,750
    Rent $32,500
    Research and Development $32,750
    Expensed Equipment $32,750
    Signs $1,250
    TOTAL START-UP EXPENSES $187,300
    Start-up Assets $220,875
    Cash Required $332,500
    Start-up Inventory $32,625
    Other Current Assets $232,500
    Long-term Assets $235,000
    TOTAL ASSETS $121,875
    Total Requirements $245,000
    START-UP FUNDING
    START-UP FUNDING $273,125
    Start-up Expenses to Fund $151,875
    Start-up Assets to Fund $123,000
    TOTAL FUNDING REQUIRED $0
    Assets $23,125
    Non-cash Assets from Start-up $18,750
    Cash Requirements from Start-up $0
    Additional Cash Raised $18,750
    Cash Balance on Starting Date $21,875
    TOTAL ASSETS $373,125
    Liabilities and Capital $0
    Liabilities $0
    Current Borrowing $0
    Long-term Liabilities $0
    Accounts Payable (Outstanding Bills) $0
    Other Current Liabilities (interest-free) $0
    TOTAL LIABILITIES $0
    Capital $620,125
    Planned Investment $620,125
    Investor 1 $0
    Investor 2 $0
    Other $0
    Additional Investment Requirement $0
    TOTAL PLANNED INVESTMENT $620,125
    Loss at Start-up (Start-up Expenses) $313,125
    TOTAL CAPITAL $251,875
    TOTAL CAPITAL AND LIABILITIES $251,875
    Total Funding $255,000

    Services for customers

    The success of a food restaurant greatly depends on the quality and nutrition of the food products. Subway is the world top franchise restaurant and for buying their franchise, you have to provide the same services with the same quality. If you don’t know what services are provided by a Subway restaurant, you can take help from this   sample business plan for Subway franchise.

    Initially, we will provide the following nutritional products:

    • Sandwiches: Black Forest Ham, Chicken & Bacon Ranch Melt, Meatball Marinara, Oven Roasted Chicken, Roast Beef, Rotisserie-Style Chicken, Steak & Cheese, Subway Club®, Classic Tuna & Turkey Breast
    • Signature Wraps: Black Forest Ham, Steak & Cheese, Subway Club®, Classic Tuna & Turkey Breast
    • Salads
    • Drinks

    We’ll provide dine-in, takeaway & free-delivery service to our customers.

    Marketing Analysis of Subways business

    The most important component of the Subway business plans is the marketing plan which can only be developed after an accurate market analysis. Before creating your Subway business plan, you must analyze whether the market you are going to choose has demand for your business or not. While developing your Subway franchise business plan, you should also keep in mind that several people will be sharing the same business in the same locality. If you are planning to start a Subway franchise business, you can take help from this Subway sample business plan or any other Subway business plan sample  available online.

    5.1 Marketing Trends

    Before starting a Subway franchise, it is good to have a solid understanding of the market positioning of the Subway brand. Subway is the world’s second-largest food franchise after Wendy’s. As of 2017, Subway had more than 45,000 stores in about 112 countries and was generating more than $422,000 on average annually.

    The number of Subway locations has been increasing day-by-day which indicates the popularity of this food chain. The situation is no different in the United States, where sub sandwiches are one of the most popular fast foods, especially among the teenagers.

    5.2 Marketing Segmentation

    Our primary target market will the residential community based in Hillsborough. Our experts have identified the following segmentation of our target market:

    Subway Business Plan - Market Segmentation

    The detailed marketing segmentation of our target audience is as follows:

    5.2.1 Residents: Our primary target market will the residential community based in Hillsborough. American people love Subway sandwiches especially the children and teenagers so we hope to have a lot of sales from the residents living near us.

    5.2.2 Non-Residents: Our secondary market will be non-residents or the people who don’t live in our vicinity but have come to the area for any purpose. This group might include the tourists and the people who work near us. Considering the high name of Subway, we expect these people to stop by us for having a bite of our sandwiches.

    The detailed market analysis of our potential customers is given in the following table:

    Market Analysis
    Potential Customers Growth Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 CAGR
    Residents 65% 11,433 13,344 16,553 18,745 20,545 13.43%
    Non-residents 35% 4,433 5,322 6,211 7,100 7,989 10.43%
    Total 100% 11,433 13,344 16,553 18,745 20,545 9.54%

    5.3 Business Target

    Our business targets are:

    • To become the best Subway franchise as well as the most trusted food restaurant in Hillsborough
    • To achieve the net profit margin of $10k per month by the end of the first year, $15k per month by the end of the second year, and $25k per month by the end of the third year
    • To balance the initial cost of the startup with the earned profits by the end of the first year

    5.4 Product Pricing

    Product pricing is an important factor which decides the future of a new business. Considering our strategic location and our famous brand name, we don’t need to keep our prices low. We will follow the standard Subway prices, according to which 6-inch sandwich will cost $3.5 and footlong will cost $6.5, exclusive of tax.

    Strategy

    Sales strategy is also an important component of Subways business plan  since it determines how you will attract your customers toward you.

    6.1 Competitive Analysis

    A startup business can never survive if it doesn’t have anything special and different about it that’s why you must devise your Subways business plan keeping in view your competitive aspects. Our biggest competitive advantage is our brand which is well-known for its quality and taste. Moreover, our second competitive aspect will be the value, we give to our customers. Our workers will be friendly and available to the customers. We’ll highly entertain any complaint received against any of our products or workers through social media or any other channel to retain our brand image.

    6.2 Sales Strategy

    • We will advertise our franchise on social and mass media in compliance with the standards of franchise requirements
    • We will give away free sandwiches to first 100 customers in the first 3 days of our startup
    • We will give discounts and gifts during the first month of startup to promote sales

    6.3 Sales Forecast

    Coffee Roasting Business Plan - Unit Sales

    6.4 Sales Monthly

    Subway Business Plan - Sales Monthly

    6.5 Sales Yearly

    Subway Business Plan - Sales Yearly

    Personnel plan

    The personnel plan describes the number and type of staff needed for your startup. It’s also very important and must be properly developed before you plan your Subway business strategy services. The personnel plan of our Subway franchise is as follows:

    7.1 Company Staff

    We will initially hire the following staff:

    • 1 Manager for managing overall operations
    • 2 Cashiers for keeping records
    • 4 Waiters/Assistants
    • 10 Cooks for preparing sandwiches
    • 5 Drivers for home delivery
    • 4 Cleaners
    • 2 Security Guards

    7.2 Average Salary of Employees

     Personnel Plan      
    Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
    Manager $85,000 $95,000 $105,000
    Cashiers $45,000 $50,000 $55,000
    Waiters/Assistants $87,000 $94,000 $101,000
    Cooks $342,000 $345,000 $348,000
    Drivers $85,000 $95,000 $105,000
    Cleaners $45,000 $50,000 $55,000
    Security Guards $87,000 $94,000 $101,000
    Total $776,000 $823,000 $870,000

    Financial Plan

    The final thing to do before starting your Subway franchise business is to develop a detailed financial plan covering all costs and expenses. The financial plan describes all expenses required for the startup as well as how these expenses will be covered by your earned revenues. The financial plan is an important component of business plan Subway franchise  so make sure to develop it with great care.

    8.1 Important Assumptions

     General Assumptions      
    Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
    Plan Month 1 2 3
    Current Interest Rate 10.00% 11.00% 12.00%
    Long-term Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
    Tax Rate 26.42% 27.76% 28.12%
    Other 0 0 0

    8.2 Brake-even Analysis

    Subway Business Plan - Brake-even Analysis

     Brake-Even Analysis  
    Monthly Units Break-even 5530
    Monthly Revenue Break-even $159,740
    Assumptions:
    Average Per-Unit Revenue $260.87
    Average Per-Unit Variable Cost $0.89
    Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost $196,410

     

    8.3 Projected Profit and Loss

     Pro Forma Profit And Loss      
    Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
    Sales $309,069 $385,934 $462,799
    Direct Cost of Sales $15,100 $19,153 $23,206
    Other $0 $0 $0
    TOTAL COST OF SALES $15,100 $19,153 $23,206
    Gross Margin $293,969 $366,781 $439,593
    Gross Margin % 94.98% 94.72% 94.46%
    Expenses
    Payroll $138,036 $162,898 $187,760
    Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $1,850 $2,000 $2,150
    Depreciation $2,070 $2,070 $2,070
    Leased Equipment $0 $0 $0
    Utilities $4,000 $4,250 $4,500
    Insurance $1,800 $1,800 $1,800
    Rent $6,500 $7,000 $7,500
    Payroll Taxes $34,510 $40,726 $46,942
    Other $0 $0 $0
    Total Operating Expenses $188,766 $220,744 $252,722
    Profit Before Interest and Taxes $105,205 $146,040 $186,875
    EBITDA $107,275 $148,110 $188,945
    Interest Expense $0 $0 $0
    Taxes Incurred $26,838 $37,315 $47,792
    Net Profit $78,367 $108,725 $139,083
    Net Profit/Sales 30.00% 39.32% 48.64%

    8.3.1 Profit Monthly

    Subway Business Plan - Profit Monthly

    8.3.2 Profit Yearly

    Subway Business Plan - Profit Yearly

    8.3.3 Gross Margin Monthly

    Subway Business Plan - Gross Margin Monthly

    8.3.4 Gross Margin Yearly

    Subway Business Plan - Gross Margin Yearly

    8.4 Projected Cash Flow

    Subway Business Plan - Projected Cash Flow

     Pro Forma Cash Flow      
    Cash Received Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
    Cash from Operations
    Cash Sales $40,124 $45,046 $50,068
    Cash from Receivables $7,023 $8,610 $9,297
    SUBTOTAL CASH FROM OPERATIONS $47,143 $53,651 $59,359
    Additional Cash Received
    Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received $0 $0 $0
    New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
    New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0
    New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
    Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
    Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
    New Investment Received $0 $0 $0
    SUBTOTAL CASH RECEIVED $47,143 $53,651 $55,359
    Expenditures Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
    Expenditures from Operations
    Cash Spending $21,647 $24,204 $26,951
    Bill Payments $13,539 $15,385 $170,631
    SUBTOTAL SPENT ON OPERATIONS $35,296 $39,549 $43,582
    Additional Cash Spent
    Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0
    Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
    Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
    Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
    Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
    Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
    Dividends $0 $0 $0
    SUBTOTAL CASH SPENT $35,296 $35,489 $43,882
    Net Cash Flow $11,551 $13,167 $15,683
    Cash Balance $21,823 $22,381 $28,239

    8.5 Projected Balance Sheet

     Pro Forma Balance Sheet      
    Assets Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
    Current Assets
    Cash $184,666 $218,525 $252,384
    Accounts Receivable $12,613 $14,493 $16,373
    Inventory $2,980 $3,450 $3,920
    Other Current Assets $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
    TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS $201,259 $237,468 $273,677
    Long-term Assets
    Long-term Assets $10,000 $10,000 $10,000
    Accumulated Depreciation $12,420 $14,490 $16,560
    TOTAL LONG-TERM ASSETS $980 $610 $240
    TOTAL ASSETS $198,839 $232,978 $267,117
    Liabilities and Capital Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
    Current Liabilities
    Accounts Payable $9,482 $10,792 $12,102
    Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
    Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0
    SUBTOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES $9,482 $10,792 $12,102
    Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
    TOTAL LIABILITIES $9,482 $10,792 $12,102
    Paid-in Capital $30,000 $30,000 $30,000
    Retained Earnings $48,651 $72,636 $96,621
    Earnings $100,709 $119,555 $138,401
    TOTAL CAPITAL $189,360 $222,190 $255,020
    TOTAL LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL $198,839 $232,978 $267,117
    Net Worth $182,060 $226,240 $270,420

     

    8.6 Business Ratios

     Ratio Analysis        
    Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Industry Profile
    Sales Growth 4.35% 30.82% 63.29% 4.00%
    Percent of Total Assets
    Accounts Receivable 5.61% 4.71% 3.81% 9.70%
    Inventory 1.85% 1.82% 1.79% 9.80%
    Other Current Assets 1.75% 2.02% 2.29% 27.40%
    Total Current Assets 138.53% 150.99% 163.45% 54.60%
    Long-term Assets -9.47% -21.01% -32.55% 58.40%
    TOTAL ASSETS 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
    Current Liabilities 4.68% 3.04% 2.76% 27.30%
    Long-term Liabilities 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 25.80%
    Total Liabilities 4.68% 3.04% 2.76% 54.10%
    NET WORTH 99.32% 101.04% 102.76% 44.90%
    Percent of Sales
    Sales 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
    Gross Margin 94.18% 93.85% 93.52% 0.00%
    Selling, General & Administrative Expenses 74.29% 71.83% 69.37% 65.20%
    Advertising Expenses 2.06% 1.11% 0.28% 1.40%
    Profit Before Interest and Taxes 26.47% 29.30% 32.13% 2.86%
    Main Ratios
    Current 25.86 29.39 32.92 1.63
    Quick 25.4 28.88 32.36 0.84
    Total Debt to Total Assets 2.68% 1.04% 0.76% 67.10%
    Pre-tax Return on Net Worth 66.83% 71.26% 75.69% 4.40%
    Pre-tax Return on Assets 64.88% 69.75% 74.62% 9.00%
    Additional Ratios Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
    Net Profit Margin 19.20% 21.16% 23.12% N.A.
    Return on Equity 47.79% 50.53% 53.27% N.A.
    Activity Ratios
    Accounts Receivable Turnover 4.56 4.56 4.56 N.A.
    Collection Days 92 99 106 N.A.
    Inventory Turnover 19.7 22.55 25.4 N.A.
    Accounts Payable Turnover 14.17 14.67 15.17 N.A.
    Payment Days 27 27 27 N.A.
    Total Asset Turnover 1.84 1.55 1.26 N.A.
    Debt Ratios
    Debt to Net Worth 0 -0.02 -0.04 N.A.
    Current Liab. to Liab. 1 1 1 N.A.
    Liquidity Ratios
    Net Working Capital $120,943 $140,664 $160,385 N.A.
    Interest Coverage 0 0 0 N.A.
    Additional Ratios
    Assets to Sales 0.45 0.48 0.51 N.A.
    Current Debt/Total Assets 4% 3% 2% N.A.
    Acid Test 23.66 27.01 30.36 N.A.
    Sales/Net Worth 1.68 1.29 0.9 N.A.
    Dividend Payout 0 0 0 N.A.

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